luni, 17 decembrie 2018

O nouă monedă comemorativă din Ucraina - 17.12.2018

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On 5 December, the Bank of Ukraine issued a 2-hryvnia coin dedicated to Oleksiy Kolomiychenko, an otolaryngologist professor and scientist, who created the scientific school of otolaryngology in Ukraine, being the organizer and first director of the Otorhinolaryngology Research Institute of Kiev . He stood out for having made a significant contribution to the development of the problem of the tonsils, the diagnosis and treatment of reduced hearing, the inflammatory processes of the middle ear, the conservative therapy of the main diseases of the ear, throat and nose. He initiated experiments aimed at the clinical application of ultrasound and laser radiation for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of otorhinolaryngology. 

On the back of the coin shows the portrait of Oleksiy Kolomiychenko, in which he appears looking at a microscope (on the right); the vertical inscriptions, on the left, of his name in Ukrainian ОЛЕКСІЙ КОЛОМІЙЧЕНКО, and the years in which he lived, 1898 - 1974. 

On the obverse of the coin is a stylized composition: in a rectangle, a decorative image of a human profile, symbolically highlighting the organs treated by the doctor; The vertical inscription UKRAINE (left), to the right of which is the emblem of the State of Ukraine; below, the nominal value (2 hryvn) and the year of issue of the currency (2018); the logo of the Mint of the National Bank of Ukraine, on the right, completes the design.


Face value: 2 grivnas
Metal: Alpaca (German silver)
Diameter: 31 mm
Weight: 12.8 g
Issue volume: 30,000

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Despre o bancnotă americană rară care valorează 3 milioane de dolari - 17.12.2018

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The front of the 1891 $1,000 Silver Certificate (​ Stack’s Bowers Galleries ​)
An extremely rare U.S. currency note from the late 19th century is expected to sell for up to $3 million when it is auctioned next year.

The 1891 $1,000 Silver Certificate is the only bill of its kind believed to exist in private hands, according to auction house Stack’s Bowers Galleries. Known as the Marcy note, the bill features the portrait of former New York Governor William L. Marcy, who served as a senator and as secretary of war under President James Knox Polk.

Stack’s Bowers Galleries notes that the Marcy note is sometimes considered the “unicorn” of U.S. money thanks to its unique design. The bill, which has an estimated pre-sale value of $2 million to $3 million, is being offered at auction for the first time.


The note will be auctioned at the Whitman Spring Expo, which takes place in Baltimore between Feb. 28 and March 3.

 The back of the note. (Stack’s Bowers Galleries)

Another extremely rare $1,000 bill described as the “Holy Grail of paper money” was recently sold at auction for just over $2 million.

The 1890 Treasury Note is dubbed the “Grand Watermelon” on account of the large green zeros on the back of the bill. Major General George Meade, the commander of Union forces at the Battle of Gettysburg, is shown on the bill’s face.

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Vernisajul expoziției ”SPIRITUALITATE TRANSILVĂNEANĂ Icoane pe sticlă din colecţia Muzeului Bistriţa''

Complexul Muzeal Bistriţa-Năsăud vă invită miercuri, 19 decembrie 2018, de la ora 13.00 la vernisajul expoziției ”SPIRITUALITATE TRANSILVĂNEANĂ Icoane pe sticlă din colecţia Muzeului Bistriţa ''.
''Aflată la concurenţă cu mult mai mobilii colecţionari particulari, colecţia de icoane pe sticlă a Muzeului din Bistriţa, constituită în timp din donaţii și achiziţii, cuprinde aproape în exclusivitate icoane ale centrului de la Nicula, în a cărui arie de difuzare s-au aflat satele ţinutului. Împodobind altarele micilor bisericuţe de lemn și casele ţăranilor, icoanele veneau să afirme, să întărească și să însoţească praznicele și rugăciunile credincioșilor'' în opinia dr. în istorie Corneliu GAIU.
''Expoziţia și prezentul catalog ne îndeamnă să descoperim bucuria întru cuminţenie a icoanelor pictate pe sticlă, culorile și luminile ei, persoanele sfinte reprezentate cu delicateţe prin conturul negru învăluitor al Transilvaniei ecumenice, delicat vorbitoare și păstrătoare a tradiţiei străbune.'' dezvăluie Dr. Alexandru Constantin Chituță și muzeograf etnografie Mihaela Bolog.

Vă așteptăm cu drag!

Alexandru Gavrilaș

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Despre o monedă romană rară și valoroasă - 17.12.2018 - VIDEO

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duminică, 16 decembrie 2018

Tub de suflat sticlă, Sarmizegetusa Regia (Grădiştea de Munte, jud. Hunedoara), 1952, atelierul de pe terasa a VIII-a, sec. I d. Chr.- începutul sec. II d. Chr.

Tub de suflat sticlă, Sarmizegetusa Regia (Grădiştea de Munte, jud. Hunedoara), 1952, atelierul de pe terasa a VIII-a, sec. I d. Chr.- începutul sec. II d. Chr.

Piesa a fost descoperită în anul 1952, pe terasa a VIII-a de la Sarmizegetusa Regia cu ocazia cercetării unui mare atelier metalurgic ce a funcţionat în acel loc în ultima perioadă a existenţei libere a capitalei Daciei preromane.

Colecţia de istorie dacică

#muzeu #mnit #transilvania #cluj

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Apariție editorială: Sanctuaries in Roman Dacia. Materiality and Religious Experience by Csaba Szabó

Apariție editorială: Sanctuaries in Roman Dacia. Materiality and Religious Experience by Csaba Szabó

So its official: you can order the book now! Have one for yourself and your university library too!

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O nouă monedă comemorativă din Luxemburg - 16.12.2018

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It has been unveiled the design of the first commemorative 2 euro coin that Luxembourg will issue in 2019 dedicated to the "Centennial of the arrival to the throne and marriage of the Grand Duchess Carlota". The design was sung, the protagonist and the omnipresent Enrique de Luxemburgo are represented, the only doubts were to know if it would come out on the right, central or left side of the coin, and where it would look. The great expectation is over, here is the design that will satisfy your curiosity.


After a bit of joke, comment that for now I have no knowledge of its volume or date of issuance, let alone the possible variants with which we will try to get the money.

Charlotte de Nassau-Weilburg and Braganza was the second daughter of Grand Duke William IV of Luxembourg and Grand Duchess Maria Ana. The second of six sisters was born on January 23, 1896. She was 12 years old when, in 1912, her older sister Princess Adelaida succeeded her father, under the amended law in 1907, which allowed women access to the throne. Weak health, Princess Adelaida retired to a convent in Italy after abdicating in his younger sister in January 1919. The Grand Duchess Carlota was then 23 years old. Six months later, on November 6, 1919, he married his cousin brother Prince Felix de Borbón-Parma.

Coins of 2 commemorative euros 2019

Commemorative 2 euro coins of Luxembourg

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Călătorie prin Munții Orăștiei - VIDEO

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Noi bancnote de pe mapamond LXXXVI - 16.12.2018

I. 50 baht Thailanda


II. 2.000 rupi Indonezia


III. 1.000 dolari Hong Kong


IV. 5.000 ouguiya Mauritania


V. 10 quetzal Guatemala


VI. 100 yuan China


VII. 2.000 rupi Mauritius


VIII. 100 leva Bulgaria


IX. 1.000 dolari Hong Kong


X. 1.000 dolari Hong Kong


sâmbătă, 15 decembrie 2018

Despre monede americane de aur și argint foarte valoroase - 15.12.2018 - VIDEO

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Bancnote valoroase de pe mapanond - 15.12.2018 - VIDEO

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O nouă monedă comemorativă din Canada - 15.12.2018 - VIDEO

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Varietăți valoroase la moneda de 5 cenți americani (Jefferson Nickel) - Episodul 2 - 15.12.2018 - VIDEO

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Un nou tezaur monetar medieval din India - 15.12.2018

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Khirki is crowded, with narrow roads and tall buildings bundled together like Lego bricks stacked precariously. Smack in the middle of this chaos is Khirki Mosque, a 14th century fortress-like structure built during the Tughlaq dynasty.

The style of writing on the coins indicates that they might be from the Lodi dynasty
[Credit: V.V. Krishnan/The Hindu]

The mosque is fenced in by high compound walls and the uneven ground is lower than the houses that surround the structure. It is deathly quiet inside, with its myriad archways partially lit by Delhi’s smoggy sunlight. Standing there, it is easy to imagine a priest, or a trader, furtively hurrying along the walls of the mosque to find a spot to bury treasure.

Treasure is what the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) found two months ago in this complex — a hoard of small copper coins vaguely resembling those bite-sized Britannia biscuits from the 90s.

A team from ASI’s conservation wing was levelling the ground in early September as part of ongoing conservation work when one of the workers’ pickaxes landed on a mud pot. Work was halted and ASI archaeologists were called.

The office was abuzz when they learned about the discovery, says N.K. Pathak, superintending archaeologist, ASI-Delhi circle. “As soon as the coins were discovered, there was a big halla. For archaeologists, discoveries like this are always exciting, no matter the value. Everyone said, Khazana mil gaya!” he says, laughing.

Khirki Mosque, Main (South) Entrance Gate [Credit: Varun Shiv Kapur/WikiCommons]
The discovery of these coins is what those in the field call a ‘chance discovery’, as opposed to a planned dig. The mosque is also the site of an earlier discovery of 63 coins in 2003, which was also a chance discovery. There is a possibility that both sets of coins might be from the same era.

Preliminary investigations of the 254 coins reveal that they are from Delhi’s medieval period — 13th to 16th century — the latter part straddling the early modern period. Proper identification can happen only after they are cleaned and studied, says Pathak. “However, some of the coins belong to the reign of Islam Shah Suri.”

Islam Shah Suri is the son of Sher Shah Suri, who founded the Sur dynasty and ruled Delhi for seven years from 1538 to 1545. “Most Islamic coins have inscriptions (what we call legends) on them — the name of the ruler and their father’s name. In this case, some of the coins had ‘Islam Shah Suri, son of Sher Shah Suri’ inscribed on them,” says Shahmoon Ahmad, Assistant Archaeologist, ASI-Lucknow circle, who will be studying the coins further.

Notably, it was Sher Shah who introduced the precursors to the modern rupee and paise — the silver rupaiya and the copper paisa. The gold coins issued by the Sur dynasty were called mohurs. “Discoveries of gold and silver coins are rather rare. Copper coins are not that much of a surprise,” says Pathak.

That’s because copper coins were reused by the general populace; the gold and the silver ones had to be re-minted with the names of current rulers, adds Ahmad.

He suspects that this might be true for this hoard as well. There are several paleographic indications — the style of writing — that indicate that some of the coins might be from the Lodi dynasty, which fell less than two decades before Islam Shah’s reign.
Khirki Mosque, Main (South) Entrance Gate [Credit: V.V. Krishnan/The Hindu]

However, any discovery, even something as small as a copper coin hoard, is quite significant. “The monument is of the Tughlaq period, but the coins are from the Lodi and the Sur periods. Once we date the coins, we can establish that people used money regularly from the earliest date on the coin to the latest,” says Ahmad.

Interestingly, the fact that there are coins from two different dynasties might mean that this was not the hoard of a single person. “It could be the savings of one or two generations of a family,” he adds.

These coins can also establish other things. “They tell us this area was populated, the jurisdiction of the particular ruler, the prosperity of his rule, the money usage patterns, and so on,” says Pathak.

The coins also show that the mosque was in use during the reign of that particular ruler.

If they were indeed minted during the time of Islam Shah, it would mean the mosque was in use even 200 years after it was built.

More than half a millennium later, however, the Khirki Mosque is in bad shape. The buildings that flout ASI’s 100-metre-rule is the least of the concerns. There are broken pillars, loose bricks, decaying stones, a decades-old bat infestation, and more. The boundary wall around the monument came up only in 2003, according to an earlier report in The Hindu. 
Khirki Mosque, interior [Credit: V.V. Krishnan/The Hindu]

Conservation work, which began roughly mid-August, started with clearing the debris to bring the lower plinth of the monument to an even level, says deputy superintending archaeologist, Sanjay Kumar Singh. “It was also to make the movement of water on the ground smoother, especially in the monsoon. So work began with levelling the ground,” he says.

When the coins were found, the area around the discovery was carefully cordoned off, while all the debris and mud excavated so far were sieved thoroughly for more surprises from the past. “There is possibility to get anything, even pot shards, at any important site in Delhi. Workers, supervisors, and other staff are trained to be vigilant. We tell them this work is different from what the Public Works Department might do,” says Pathak.

Conservation work will go on for another six months, during which time the broken pillars and the decayed chajja stones will be replaced. “We will also undertake ‘pointing and underpinning’ work to fix the loose bricks and mortar. We will be using the lime mortar mix that was originally used,” adds Pathak.

Detailed information on the coins, however, will roll in before work on the monument is finished. “We will first send them to the science branch for cleaning, after which our numismatics branch will come in to decipher the writing. It will take three to four months,” says Pathak.

What are the possibilities of finding more antiquities here? “That’s just it,” he says. “You can never predict what you can find in Delhi and when. What is beneath the earth, you never know.”

Author: Janane Venkatraman | Source: The Hindu [December 10, 2018]

O nouă monedă comemorativă din SUA - 15.12.2018

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USA 1 dollar 2018 - American Innovation
New circulating type:

"American Innovation Program introductory coin"

The new 15-year initiative honors innovators and innovations from each state, the District of Columbia, and the five USA territories (Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands). The United States Mint American Innovation $1 Coin Program will run from 2018 through 2032.

LINK: The United States Mint

(information and image by Nicolas Quentin)

Alloy: Nordic gold
Weight: 8.10 g
Diameter: 26.50 mm

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O nouă monedă comemorativă din Estonia - 15.12.2018

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It is known that the European Commission and the countries belonging to the Eurozone do not look favorably on commemorative 2 euro coins that have warlike motives or connotations. The states that want to issue a coin dedicated to some event that had had a war in between, should spin very thin so that they do not throw down the project, focusing on the end of it or the final consequence of it. This year, on February 19, Estonia issued a coin to commemorate the Centennial of its Independence, in which the design of the coin represented a logo filled with doves, as we all know, used as a symbol of peace. 

The independence of Estonia, like so many others, had a war in between. After declaring its independence, Estonia was forced to fight for it in the War of Independence against the Soviet and German forces. During this war, Estonia secured its borders and, on February 2, 1920, signed the Tartu Peace Treaty with Soviet Russia.

A few days ago the Bank of Estonia issued a coincard commemorating its independence, plus the regular 2 euros of the current year, to honor the army that participated in the contest, on November 27, the 100th anniversary of the beginning of the War of Independence. "The War of Independence was the most important war in the history of Estonia. In memory of this war and the troops that participated in it, Eesti Pank (Bank of Estonia) decided to issue a coincard with a special design this spring, "said Ardo Hansson, president of Eesti Pank. With what we already have the paradox that a commemorative 2 euro coin with very pacifist motives, ends up being used as a tribute to a war and those who participated in it. 

If any of you want to do with any of these coincards, the Omniva online store (equivalent to Correos in Spain) has it for sale at the price of 10 euros. You can order up to a maximum of 10 units.

The design of the two-euro coin is based on the official logo for the Estonian Centenary which is celebrated in 2018, this can be read as the numbers 18 or 100. This way of arranging the numbers joins the founding year of the state 18 (1918) and the centenary of this (100). The designers are Ionel Lehari and Meelis Opmann of the design agency OÜ, which is also the body behind the official logo for the centenary of Estonia. The minting has been in charge of the Lithuanian Mint.

The curious fact for this currency is its volume of emission, which amounts, adding all its presentations to the figure of 1,317,800 pieces, the same as the number of inhabitants with which the country has.

Estonian commemorative 2 euro coins

2 commemorative coins 2018
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Programul numismatic al Italiei pentru anul 2019 - 15.12.2018 - Catalog PDF

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Today I am going to show you the numismatic program of Italy for the year 2019 with images of the fourteen coins that are confirmed for the moment, to which at least one more will be added, of which the reason is still unknown. In general lines I find some very interesting topics, in most cases accompanied by magnificent designs. Judge yourselves

2 euros commemorative - 500th anniversary of the death of Leonardo da Vinci


Europa Series - The Renaissance - Gold coin with 20 euros facial
150th Anniversary of the foundation of the Ragioneria Generale dello Stato - 5 euros silver

Italian Excellence Series - Vespa - 5 euro coin in silver

50th Anniversary of the founding of the Carabinieri Command for the protection of cultural heritage - 5 euro coin in cupronickel and bronze

Centenary of the Associazione Nazionale degli Alpini - 5 euro coin in bronze

This design was chosen for a 2 euro commemorative coin that will not finally be issued. 
30th Anniversary of the Fall of the Berlin Wall - 5 euro coin in silver 

50th Anniversary of the arrival of man on the Moon - 5 euros coin in silver


Roman Emperors - Augusto - 10 euros coin in gold

Centenary of the birth of Fausto Coppi - 5 euro coin in cupronickel and bronze

Exploradores Series - Cristobal Colón - 10 euros coin in silver

Italian art series - Lombardy - Milan Cathedral - 10 euros coin in silver

Italian art series - Tuscany - Santa Maria del Fiore - Florence - 5 euros in silver

Centenary of the death of Cesari Maccari - 5 euros coin in silver

As I said before, at least we have to know one more coin, the second commemorative 2 euro coin.

You can expand all this information in the following catalog. PDF
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